BTN-High Court

Click for the BTN

Facts- green


Blue questions

So imagine playing a game of cards and if you lose there’s embarrassment from your friends. You put down your cards that you know can’t fail, absolutely nothing can stop those cards and you get defeated. And in a flash your out of the game and your friends are laughing. Now it’s not that bad if you lose in this but the government are playing a game of cards with high stakes. In Australia asylum seekers has been a big issue for many years. Politics have been playing their own game of card hoping to come with the best winning solution. Early in 2011 the government laid a hand of cards on the table. Australia’s Government offered to take 4000 refugees from Malaysia if Malaysia promised to take 800 asylum seekers in return. Australia thought they had the winning hand this time until the dealer had stepped in. The dealer in real life in politics is a place called High Court. The High Court is the most powerful court in Australia its power is above all the state and territory courts, even the high federal courts. In High Court 7 judges play a part of the dealer, they decide on important issues to our country. They’ve ruled cases involving the stolen generations, workplace law and Indigenous native land title. They do this by evaluating on the Australian law, and making judgements on what it says. Once their rule is made it’s final. In the Malaysia case 6-1 judges thought that this was illegal, which means that the government was actually trying to do something illegal. In the end the deal had to be called off, so the government lost this game. Julia’s still not quite out, because there’s still one play if she returns. The dealer threw her out if the game because the hand she threw broke the rules. If the rules changed her cards would be legal.                                

I know understand how governments kind of like a game, you put down your cards but then the High courts need and evaluate the law and make judgements. And their rule is final, and to succeed it needs to be legal.


What other positions are there in High court?

How long did it take for the court do find this trade was illegal?


Posted in BTN

BTN-Levels of Government

  Click this for the video 


Green- facts

Red- understandings

Blue- question


There are 3 different types of government. Federal, state/ territory and local, each of these groups take care of different things and have different powers and control. The highest is federal government which takes care of all of Australia, and it has the most control. Federal takes care of money/ taxes, communications, environment, trade, and defence against Australia. State/ Territory is in control of the states and territories. It looks after between states health, education, mining and agriculture. They also take care of defence forces like police and hospitals.They also help out with roads, trains and public transport. Then there’s local which doesn’t have much power, but is within council districts. In Australia there’s more than 500 hundred local governments. Local takes care of local roads, garbage, pet control and building permits. Before 3 levels of government, each state was separated and had their own control. But in 1901 the states federated and united the colonies to the Commonwealth of Australia and with that the states passed many of their powers to the new federal government. But as the population grew, state governments found it hard to manage all of the responsibilities they still had. So in the 1970s local governments became popular, they were given money and their own powers. That’s why they have rules about who runs what, and if they disagree then federal overrules state and state overrules local.

I know understand the different responsibilities that each level has.

I understand how we federated and how it changed the way we run.


If there were any more levels of government what would they be?

Related image

Picture from


Posted in BTN

BTN- Moving Australia Day


Green- facts


Blue- question



This BTN was about people have mixed emotions about Australia Day. For us it’s a celebration of our founding of Australia in the 1700’s, but for the Aboriginals it’s a time to remember an invasion when British empire took this land to themselves. On the 200th year of founding New south wales on January 26th 1988 you could see many aboriginals fighting and having protests. Some people thought we should have it moved and some people don’t think as much. Some days people were thinking of was January 1st, the day in 1901 that the Australian colonies united to form a single nation. Another is January 25th, the day before British settlement and the last day the Australian continent was inhabited only by indigenous people. People talked about combining Australia Day with ANZAC Day in April, or Wattle Day in September. Others think it could be the day Australia’s first federal parliament was opened, or the day of the referendum that recognised Aboriginal people in the constitution. Australia day hasn’t been changed but we should still recognise aboriginals.

 I understand how and why people chose some of the days it might change to in the future.

How come parliament didn’t send out some sort of vote about people’s thought?


Image result for australia day



Posted in BTN

BTN Democracy


You can click here for the BTN on Democracy

Green facts

Red understandings

 Blue questions

In ancient Greek times to give the people more of a say on big decisions ( rulers, wars ect;) they came up with democracy. Democracy is basically two words put together, Demos meaning people and Kratos meaning power or rule. So altogether it means the rule of the people. They people vote on issues and they can say what effects them. But they didn’t mean everyone, in these times women weren’t seen as equal so they couldn’t vote. After excluding women there was still thousands of men left who were able to attend meetings and vote on any issues that were important to them. The ancient Greeks were the first people to experiment with better of leading their people. While their systems was far from where we are today and far from fair, it was revolutionary in that time. As time kept going there were new rulers with who changed things and democracy died out for quite some time. By the Middle Ages, monarchies had become a thing. That’s when kings and queens started to rule and the people didn’t get a say. But an important document called Magna Carta evened things up a little by promising people rights that rulers had to follow and slowly, over the next few hundred years, the idea of democracy started to take hold again. Democracy today is the most popular form of government worldwide. In Australia we have something called a Representative democracy. It means that unlike Greece where they went and voted on everything, we vote in a representative do that all. We have politicians who represent us in parliament, they here voters voices on a national level to hear your say. Important values form some of our basis of the democracy in Australia. We are automatically guaranteed freedom to express our views without getting in trouble. There are equal rights for people from all different religions and the right to justice and a fair independent trial. That’s Australia’s Democracy, but there are many other forms of government. Some countries, like Saudi Arabia and Qatar, are an all monarchy. That’s when someone’s born into a royal family and has complete control over the people and all laws and decisions that are made by that person. A dictatorship is another form of government. It’s similar to an monarchy in that one leader has power over a country, but they usually aren’t royal. Instead, dictators often take control of a country by force. North Korea and Zimbabwe are considered dictatorships. In these countries, people usually don’t have a lot of rights and often aren’t looked after very well by their rulers. They aren’t allowed to leave the country and it’s highly isolated. Australia’s system of democracy, it’s designed to have the people’s best interests at heart and while it may not always work perfectly, we’re lucky to live in a country where we have the right to voice our opinions and the freedom to make a difference.


I now understand different types of governments and how each one is different to each other and how it affects the communities differently.

I also understand what each one means and the pros and cons of them.


How does a dictator get chosen?

Why doesn’t each country have the same type of leadership

Image result for democracy


Posted in BTN

BTN- Coding School


Facts- Green

Blue- Questions

Red- understandings


An Aussie school has been making apps so people all round the world can play it.  Students from Aberfoyle Park High school, their schools even become the first in the country to be registered as a developer under its own name. They’ve created all using coding. Every twice a week they meet up at lunchtimes for a coding workshop. It’s been running for about three years know. Coding is using a combination of letters and blocks making a set of instructions on a digital object, that follows instructions. Coding is a bit hard to start off, but then it gets easier as you learn more. They code on tablets using a coding language called python and an app called pythonister. Python is a really easy to understand coding language and it allows them to use their iPads to create their own games. They need to work as a team to design entertaining and challenging games. And once they’re happy with their creation, they give their finished code to their teacher who sends it through to an app store. So far, the school’s got 7 games registered that anyone around the world can play. These guys are hoping to use the skills they’ve learned here to get a great job in the future.

Some of the kid’s opinions- RYAN: With all the new technology and robots coming out, I feel like coding is going to be an important aspect in the future so I want to use it to get a job and help me make a financial balance. GEORIGIA: I’d really like to get a job doing this kind of thing one day. I think it would be a really fun experience. TYLER: I’m definitely hoping to make this work in the real world especially since I’m very interested in html and I hope to code websites as well as games cause I heard you can make quite a buck out of that!


How many people are coding in the club?

Is it easier or harder than what we’re learning?


I now understand how coding is important, and it will be a huge part of the future. And how much it is encouraged at schools, and it’s becoming part of the curriculum. I know now that anyone can do coding, and this school real helps children and has a good program.



Posted in BTN

BTN- Weedy Sea Dragon


Green- facts




This is the link to this week’s BTN

Only 15 Km from Sydney is dragon territory were the dragons nest he scientific name for this sea dragon is Phyllopteryx taeniolatus, ring any bells. Jump in the water and looking in the coral reef you might just sea one floating amongst the seaweed. Weedy Sea dragons are native to Australia and can be mostly found in the waters of the south east coasts of Australia. They’re related to the sea horse, and mostly just drift around in the water, and it just blends in with kelp around it. The problem is these colourful creatures are becoming harder and harder to spot, and not just because of their clever camouflage. Size: Adults of this species are approximately 45 cm long. Colour: Their red bodies are with purple and yellow marks. The Males are darker in colour than the females. Body: The narrow bodies of these Sea dragons have numerous leaf-like appendages and short dorsal spines. The appendages give them a weed-like appearance. Male Weedy Sea Dragons are more slender than the females. Snouts: They have long tube-like snouts. Fins: A long dorsal fin runs along its back while there are two pectoral fins on both sides of the neck. Tails: These Sea dragons have long tails. The males have a brooding pouch located under their tails. JOHN TURNBULL, RESEARCHER: This is the best site in Sydney so you can still see them here reliably. Other sites – particularly on the north side of Sydney where they used to be a common occurrence, now you’re lucky to find one, and sometimes you find none. Luckily, marine biologists have a plan to work out how many dragons are left. Instead of catching and tagging every sea dragon they find, they’re asking citizen scientist divers off the coasts of New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania to take photos of the creatures and send them in. The researchers are then using a kind of facial recognition software to identify each fish’s’ unique patterns! Their program allows them to map out the markings of the sea dragon and it becomes a special fingerprint to track it. Every time they find a new one they use common sense and logic to give it an appropriate name.  And it will tell us if it’s David or Greg or Alicia. Because every single new sea dragon we have gets a name so we can follow it over the years. Weedy sea dragons are classified as ‘near threatened’, but scientists reckon this research could provide enough info to have them re-listed as ‘endangered’. They reckon climate change could be a big part of the problem for the sea dragons. They say rising sea temperatures are killing the kelp which leaves them homeless. Once there gone there gone, and once we lose we lose them forever. And with the impact we’ve done that will be really sad. They’re asking divers to keep sending in their photos so they can make sure there are more little David’s, Greg’s or Alicia’s swimming around Australia in the future. And we have to remember their only one of two sea dragon species.

I know understand how our existence has impacted how much they have been found. It’s seems like their very little adaptations so they can’t camouflage. We’ve been paying attention to animals that aren’t native to our Australia so I think we should pay more attention to that. I also understand that they use a special genetic pattern to track them. And they name them.


Why do they name them with simple names?

How many are left?

What types of animals are related to it?




Posted in BTN

BTN- Tasmanian Devils Threat





Personal Opinion- orange


Link to the website

This week’s BTN was about Tassie devils, and a type of cancer disease that’s causing threat to extinction.

Sometimes Tassie devils look like an awful bunch who bite and scratch, but there just understood. Tasmania devils might not look the best and have an image problem, but that’s at the bottom of the scale, their population has been cut more than 80% and have made their place on the endangered species list. It was believed by many that they died out across the mainland of Australia about 400 years ago. Tasmania was and still is they only place you can find them since they English came and settled. They were hunted because they were walking around and always eat people’s chickens. Now they are protected by the law, but since the mid-nineties they’ve been up against a new threat. It’s called devil facial tumour cancer. It’s a special type of cancer because it can be caught by other devils, it’s contagious. No one’s sure what causes it but it spreads when devil’s scratch and bite each other, which always happens while having a meal. The tumour builds up around its face and mouth until it can’t eat and it starves to death. So once they get it they only get around six months left to live. A lot of specialists working in the fields of Tassie, think that exciton is a real possibility. But there hoping that the disease dies out before the Devils do. So what do you think one of the solutions are? Tasmania devils babies. There called joey’s like Kangaroos, and when that baby devil is born it’s no bigger than a grain of rice. Tassie devils give birth to about 30 joeys. But because they only have four teats only around four survive. It’s really a challenge to see the fittest and survival. TIFFANY EASTLEY: It would be such a huge tragedy for the species if these guys were to go extinct. I can’t imagine it, I don’t like to think about it and you feel every day like you’re doing something really important because this might be their last hope, what we are doing, breeding them and maintaining a healthy population like Audrey here in captivity. Tiffany manages the breeding, and they’ve raised more than 50 devils there. But breading the devils hasn’t been so easy. They found that devils born in captivity find it hard to breed and there not sure why yet. At the zoo there trying to aim to make another big population there so if ones in the wild die out, they won’t be gone forever. As the disease spreads across Tasmania the race is on to find the cause and a cure, or else one day what we see here in captivity could be all that’s left.


I know understand, that Tasmanian Devils have been facing threat for longer than I thought, and that they use to live all over the country until populated. They’ve faced many threats including body features, habitat and babies. And that know there’s a disease causing them to die, and out of their 30 babies only 4 survive. It’s hard to fight this disease because we don’t know what’s causing it. It’s also worrying that one day there might only be ones born in captivity.


What are animals are the Tassie devils related to?

How many are left?

Have the numbers been decreasing or increasing?

Where was the first sighting?

Who named the Tassie devil?

When did the tumour cancer start?

My personal opinion is that, i like how zoos are joining in helping, and that are find it sad that the population is dying. Also these little creatures/animals have been through a lot of harm. Also hoping that our country tries to support and help figure out, what’s causing this terrible disease and that they stay alive, after all there one of Australia’s native animals.




Posted in BTN

BTN challenge- Wipe out waste





Orange- Personal opinion 

This week’s BTN was about food waste at school, this is the link to wipe out waste-

Facts: These kids are doing the job of taking the trash, but there looking at what it is first. Immanuel Primary has been encouraging each other. They sorted their landfill bins into different rubbish groups/areas. There’s organic, paper/cardboard, food and 10c return plastic bottles. There just one of many hard working schools on a mission to reduce, recycle and reuse anything in their path. It’s all part of the teaching program to teach kids how to wipe out waste. They want to set a new goal each year to reduce the amount of plastic they produce. Every year Aussies throw out about 50 tonnes of waste, which is about two tonnes per person. Most of the waste can actually be composted or reduced, recycled and reuse. Some schools are also looking at putting it in the right bin. At school of the sea each class has three bins. First there’s compost that can break down in the environment like food scraps, compostable paper and garden materiel. Then there’s recycle, which can be reused like paper and glass anything with a logo. Then there’s reduce this is rubbish that can recycled or composted which is like food packaging and broken things, that can’t be repaired. This is the stuff that ends up in land fill. But these guys are hoping to reduce that waste so much that by term 4 they could be completely bin free. JUDAH, says he’s trying to get more nude food. They also want to get more containers instead of food wrappers. Ruby said Say if you had a chip packet maybe buy the bigger packet and then put that into a container and then bring it home and wash it so that we are sending less to landfill. Georgie also said so, what we’re trying to do at our school is we’re trying to reduce the amount of landfill. So, this little bin will replace the landfill bin in our classrooms and our goal is to just fill this up each day of landfill. Every term both Star of the Sea and Emmanuel have an audit, to make sure everything is going into the right bin and to keep them focused on their goal. PARIS: Each class brings their green bins to the middle of the courtyard and we take all the compost things to the compost bin. JEMMA: If we see a plastic zip lock bag we would most likely take it out and put in the landfill bin because it won’t break down. Both schools are working towards just one wheelie bin a week. And it won’t be to long before they can proudly say that their school is completely waste free.

 Understandings: I know understand that schools are working towards being waste free. And that teachers are encouraging it by teaching them about landfill and pollution. Some schools set goals and a target of bins and rubbish they collect. They also try to help each other by bringing bottles and containers.


Questions: How many schools our doing the wipe out waste program?

How many bins does each school have to collect rubbish?

How much rubbish does the average family produce in a year?

Do the green team support this program and collect fundraisers for schools?


 My opinion: I feel that schools should be teaching children what happens if you throw out wrappers and plastic packets. And what it effects it has on the nature and animals. But how we can reduce, reuse and recycle your rubbish. And that we can set goals on how much rubbish we produce.

Image result for wipe out wasteRelated image




Posted in BTN

BTN challenge-Budget 2017



Green Facts

Blue questions

Red understanding


This weeks video was the difference between bad and good debt.

Link to BTN video

It’s something that’s getting talked about a lot, budget. It something that worries people it hangs to keep on coming back and back especially when people don’t want it to. Debt is where you borrow money from the bank, where you can buy stuff sooner but you still have to pay it back. Nearly every country in the world is getting consumed by debt including our Australia. That’s because of the government, people like us can get loans from the bank. It does that so they can pay for buildings/company, schools, roads and highways and education. But debt keeps growing on you like a creature and gets interest. It keeps getting bigger and harder to pay if it isn’t paid back. For a while the government has been saying it shouldn’t be in so much debt and it’s been trying to get back surplus. That means there’s money left over after paying for everything in the budget. After it isn’t easy so it means cutting spending. Now Scott Morison the treasurer said Australia should start looking at the debt a bit different- sometimes good and sometimes bad. So what’s the difference, well generally debt is bad by giving lot’s back. Like buying loads of stuff on a credit card that’s likely to lose its value and not make you any money in return. On the other hand, debt is considered to be good when your purchase is likely to grow in value or make you money in the future. Australians understand that taking out a mortgage to pay for their home is a wise investment for their true future. But they also know that putting your everyday expenses on your credit card is not a good idea. And that is the difference in good and bad debt. But when it comes to good and bad government debt it’s a bit more complicated. The government thinks good debt is where you borrow money for buildings and infrastructure. That’s things like roads and railways. It says it will help the country, and it will help businesses grow and be successful. But the government thinks borrowing money for different things is bad debt. One example is welfare payments, the system that helps a lot of people that are too old to work, disabled and unemployed. To rack up government debt to pay for welfare payments and other everyday expenses is not a good idea.

That’s got some people worried that if those areas are seen as bad debt, they might end up with less funding.

But the details are all under wraps until the budgets released, so we’ll have to wait ’til then to find out more about what this guy’s going to get up to over the next few years.


I know understand that budget is something that can keep on coming back and can change what and how you pay. Also there two types good is where they use it for buildings, roads, education and people’s health. And bad debt is using it for other things which don’t help and create a running system.


How long has debt been around for?

How many people owe debt each year?

Which countries have debt?

Posted in BTN

BTN challenge: Citizenship changes

For more information please click the following website


Facts- green

Understanding- red



Facts: It’s something that we all have in common you don’t have to be famous, it’s we are all from somewhere else and become Australian citizens. Pretty much everyone who was born here is automatically an Australian citizen. But if you’re born in another country you need  an australian citizenship certificate. It makes you an official australian citizen, you have the same rights, responsibilities as any australian would like voting, taxes and living here as long as you want. Every year more than 100thousand people from 200 nations are given this important piece of paper which lets you attend to a special ceremony and you swear an oath to be loyal to australia, and for most citizens it’s something to be proud of. The federal government says it should be an honour that’s only given to people who plan and uphold our country’s laws and values. So the last few years ago they announced that it wants to make some changes to australian citizenship. Malcolm Turnbull, says there’s no more important title in our democracy than australian citizenship. The australian citizenship that institution must respect australian values. Back in 2007 the prime minister John Howard said something similar about potential citizens. So Mr Howard introduced a citizenship test, it’s written in english and it’s in multiple choice, including questions on australian history, culture, values like’ what do we remember on Anzac day’. Every 18-60 year olds applying for citizenship has to take that test and they have to be a permanent resident for at least a year. Now the government decided they want to make the test harder. Under new plan people have to be residents for four years before applying for the test. They have to undergo criminal background checks. They have to prove they can speak english fluently and be asked questions. If they agree the with the question like respecting women, equal rights. The number of people that try again and fail is a lot, and if you keep trying and failing you’ll be limited. On the top of that they have to prove trying to fit in with society like working, dropping kids off and joining in clubs. But some people don’t like the change and it’s not fair they have to wait even longer. And the test doesn’t show what they think about values. They reckon the harder language is limited to some people who are learning.


Questions- If you come over if you’ve already got family are you still aloud?

When did australian citizenship become a thing?

Who was the first person to take the test and what country did they come from?


Understanding- I know understand that it’s hard to get in. It seems confusing and pressuring, you have to learn a new language and take a test to be a citizen, i also found out that you have a ceremony to celebrate. It proves that people are tested on history, culture and behaviour. And it’s been around for a while and it’s hard to meet new people and fit in.

Posted in BTN