BTN- Weedy Sea Dragon

KEY!

Green- facts

Blue-questions

Red-understanding

 

This is the link to this week’s BTN http://www.abc.net.au/btn/story/s4671270.htm

Only 15 Km from Sydney is dragon territory were the dragons nest he scientific name for this sea dragon is Phyllopteryx taeniolatus, ring any bells. Jump in the water and looking in the coral reef you might just sea one floating amongst the seaweed. Weedy Sea dragons are native to Australia and can be mostly found in the waters of the south east coasts of Australia. They’re related to the sea horse, and mostly just drift around in the water, and it just blends in with kelp around it. The problem is these colourful creatures are becoming harder and harder to spot, and not just because of their clever camouflage. Size: Adults of this species are approximately 45 cm long. Colour: Their red bodies are with purple and yellow marks. The Males are darker in colour than the females. Body: The narrow bodies of these Sea dragons have numerous leaf-like appendages and short dorsal spines. The appendages give them a weed-like appearance. Male Weedy Sea Dragons are more slender than the females. Snouts: They have long tube-like snouts. Fins: A long dorsal fin runs along its back while there are two pectoral fins on both sides of the neck. Tails: These Sea dragons have long tails. The males have a brooding pouch located under their tails. JOHN TURNBULL, RESEARCHER: This is the best site in Sydney so you can still see them here reliably. Other sites – particularly on the north side of Sydney where they used to be a common occurrence, now you’re lucky to find one, and sometimes you find none. Luckily, marine biologists have a plan to work out how many dragons are left. Instead of catching and tagging every sea dragon they find, they’re asking citizen scientist divers off the coasts of New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania to take photos of the creatures and send them in. The researchers are then using a kind of facial recognition software to identify each fish’s’ unique patterns! Their program allows them to map out the markings of the sea dragon and it becomes a special fingerprint to track it. Every time they find a new one they use common sense and logic to give it an appropriate name.  And it will tell us if it’s David or Greg or Alicia. Because every single new sea dragon we have gets a name so we can follow it over the years. Weedy sea dragons are classified as ‘near threatened’, but scientists reckon this research could provide enough info to have them re-listed as ‘endangered’. They reckon climate change could be a big part of the problem for the sea dragons. They say rising sea temperatures are killing the kelp which leaves them homeless. Once there gone there gone, and once we lose we lose them forever. And with the impact we’ve done that will be really sad. They’re asking divers to keep sending in their photos so they can make sure there are more little David’s, Greg’s or Alicia’s swimming around Australia in the future. And we have to remember their only one of two sea dragon species.

I know understand how our existence has impacted how much they have been found. It’s seems like their very little adaptations so they can’t camouflage. We’ve been paying attention to animals that aren’t native to our Australia so I think we should pay more attention to that. I also understand that they use a special genetic pattern to track them. And they name them.

 

Why do they name them with simple names?

How many are left?

What types of animals are related to it?

 

 

 

Posted in BTN

BTN- Tasmanian Devils Threat

KEY!

Facts-green

Questions-blue

Understanding-red

Personal Opinion- orange

 

Link to the website http://www.abc.net.au/btn/story/s3240907.htm

This week’s BTN was about Tassie devils, and a type of cancer disease that’s causing threat to extinction.

Sometimes Tassie devils look like an awful bunch who bite and scratch, but there just understood. Tasmania devils might not look the best and have an image problem, but that’s at the bottom of the scale, their population has been cut more than 80% and have made their place on the endangered species list. It was believed by many that they died out across the mainland of Australia about 400 years ago. Tasmania was and still is they only place you can find them since they English came and settled. They were hunted because they were walking around and always eat people’s chickens. Now they are protected by the law, but since the mid-nineties they’ve been up against a new threat. It’s called devil facial tumour cancer. It’s a special type of cancer because it can be caught by other devils, it’s contagious. No one’s sure what causes it but it spreads when devil’s scratch and bite each other, which always happens while having a meal. The tumour builds up around its face and mouth until it can’t eat and it starves to death. So once they get it they only get around six months left to live. A lot of specialists working in the fields of Tassie, think that exciton is a real possibility. But there hoping that the disease dies out before the Devils do. So what do you think one of the solutions are? Tasmania devils babies. There called joey’s like Kangaroos, and when that baby devil is born it’s no bigger than a grain of rice. Tassie devils give birth to about 30 joeys. But because they only have four teats only around four survive. It’s really a challenge to see the fittest and survival. TIFFANY EASTLEY: It would be such a huge tragedy for the species if these guys were to go extinct. I can’t imagine it, I don’t like to think about it and you feel every day like you’re doing something really important because this might be their last hope, what we are doing, breeding them and maintaining a healthy population like Audrey here in captivity. Tiffany manages the breeding, and they’ve raised more than 50 devils there. But breading the devils hasn’t been so easy. They found that devils born in captivity find it hard to breed and there not sure why yet. At the zoo there trying to aim to make another big population there so if ones in the wild die out, they won’t be gone forever. As the disease spreads across Tasmania the race is on to find the cause and a cure, or else one day what we see here in captivity could be all that’s left.

 

I know understand, that Tasmanian Devils have been facing threat for longer than I thought, and that they use to live all over the country until populated. They’ve faced many threats including body features, habitat and babies. And that know there’s a disease causing them to die, and out of their 30 babies only 4 survive. It’s hard to fight this disease because we don’t know what’s causing it. It’s also worrying that one day there might only be ones born in captivity.

 

What are animals are the Tassie devils related to?

How many are left?

Have the numbers been decreasing or increasing?

Where was the first sighting?

Who named the Tassie devil?

When did the tumour cancer start?

My personal opinion is that, i like how zoos are joining in helping, and that are find it sad that the population is dying. Also these little creatures/animals have been through a lot of harm. Also hoping that our country tries to support and help figure out, what’s causing this terrible disease and that they stay alive, after all there one of Australia’s native animals.

 

 

 

Posted in BTN

BTN challenge- Wipe out waste

Key! 

Blue-questions

Green-facts

Red-understanding

Orange- Personal opinion 

This week’s BTN was about food waste at school, this is the link to wipe out waste-http://www.abc.net.au/btn/story/s4667338.htm

Facts: These kids are doing the job of taking the trash, but there looking at what it is first. Immanuel Primary has been encouraging each other. They sorted their landfill bins into different rubbish groups/areas. There’s organic, paper/cardboard, food and 10c return plastic bottles. There just one of many hard working schools on a mission to reduce, recycle and reuse anything in their path. It’s all part of the teaching program to teach kids how to wipe out waste. They want to set a new goal each year to reduce the amount of plastic they produce. Every year Aussies throw out about 50 tonnes of waste, which is about two tonnes per person. Most of the waste can actually be composted or reduced, recycled and reuse. Some schools are also looking at putting it in the right bin. At school of the sea each class has three bins. First there’s compost that can break down in the environment like food scraps, compostable paper and garden materiel. Then there’s recycle, which can be reused like paper and glass anything with a logo. Then there’s reduce this is rubbish that can recycled or composted which is like food packaging and broken things, that can’t be repaired. This is the stuff that ends up in land fill. But these guys are hoping to reduce that waste so much that by term 4 they could be completely bin free. JUDAH, says he’s trying to get more nude food. They also want to get more containers instead of food wrappers. Ruby said Say if you had a chip packet maybe buy the bigger packet and then put that into a container and then bring it home and wash it so that we are sending less to landfill. Georgie also said so, what we’re trying to do at our school is we’re trying to reduce the amount of landfill. So, this little bin will replace the landfill bin in our classrooms and our goal is to just fill this up each day of landfill. Every term both Star of the Sea and Emmanuel have an audit, to make sure everything is going into the right bin and to keep them focused on their goal. PARIS: Each class brings their green bins to the middle of the courtyard and we take all the compost things to the compost bin. JEMMA: If we see a plastic zip lock bag we would most likely take it out and put in the landfill bin because it won’t break down. Both schools are working towards just one wheelie bin a week. And it won’t be to long before they can proudly say that their school is completely waste free.

 Understandings: I know understand that schools are working towards being waste free. And that teachers are encouraging it by teaching them about landfill and pollution. Some schools set goals and a target of bins and rubbish they collect. They also try to help each other by bringing bottles and containers.

 

Questions: How many schools our doing the wipe out waste program?

How many bins does each school have to collect rubbish?

How much rubbish does the average family produce in a year?

Do the green team support this program and collect fundraisers for schools?

 

 My opinion: I feel that schools should be teaching children what happens if you throw out wrappers and plastic packets. And what it effects it has on the nature and animals. But how we can reduce, reuse and recycle your rubbish. And that we can set goals on how much rubbish we produce.

Image result for wipe out wasteRelated image

 

 

 

Posted in BTN

BTN challenge-Budget 2017

 

Key

Green Facts

Blue questions

Red understanding

 

This weeks video was the difference between bad and good debt.

Link to BTN video  http://www.abc.net.au/btn/story/s4663455.htm

It’s something that’s getting talked about a lot, budget. It something that worries people it hangs to keep on coming back and back especially when people don’t want it to. Debt is where you borrow money from the bank, where you can buy stuff sooner but you still have to pay it back. Nearly every country in the world is getting consumed by debt including our Australia. That’s because of the government, people like us can get loans from the bank. It does that so they can pay for buildings/company, schools, roads and highways and education. But debt keeps growing on you like a creature and gets interest. It keeps getting bigger and harder to pay if it isn’t paid back. For a while the government has been saying it shouldn’t be in so much debt and it’s been trying to get back surplus. That means there’s money left over after paying for everything in the budget. After it isn’t easy so it means cutting spending. Now Scott Morison the treasurer said Australia should start looking at the debt a bit different- sometimes good and sometimes bad. So what’s the difference, well generally debt is bad by giving lot’s back. Like buying loads of stuff on a credit card that’s likely to lose its value and not make you any money in return. On the other hand, debt is considered to be good when your purchase is likely to grow in value or make you money in the future. Australians understand that taking out a mortgage to pay for their home is a wise investment for their true future. But they also know that putting your everyday expenses on your credit card is not a good idea. And that is the difference in good and bad debt. But when it comes to good and bad government debt it’s a bit more complicated. The government thinks good debt is where you borrow money for buildings and infrastructure. That’s things like roads and railways. It says it will help the country, and it will help businesses grow and be successful. But the government thinks borrowing money for different things is bad debt. One example is welfare payments, the system that helps a lot of people that are too old to work, disabled and unemployed. To rack up government debt to pay for welfare payments and other everyday expenses is not a good idea.

That’s got some people worried that if those areas are seen as bad debt, they might end up with less funding.

But the details are all under wraps until the budgets released, so we’ll have to wait ’til then to find out more about what this guy’s going to get up to over the next few years.

 

I know understand that budget is something that can keep on coming back and can change what and how you pay. Also there two types good is where they use it for buildings, roads, education and people’s health. And bad debt is using it for other things which don’t help and create a running system.

 

How long has debt been around for?

How many people owe debt each year?

Which countries have debt?

Posted in BTN

BTN challenge: Citizenship changes

For more information please click the following website http://www.abc.net.au/btn/story/s4659781.htm

KEY

Facts- green

Understanding- red

Questions-blue

 

Facts: It’s something that we all have in common you don’t have to be famous, it’s we are all from somewhere else and become Australian citizens. Pretty much everyone who was born here is automatically an Australian citizen. But if you’re born in another country you need  an australian citizenship certificate. It makes you an official australian citizen, you have the same rights, responsibilities as any australian would like voting, taxes and living here as long as you want. Every year more than 100thousand people from 200 nations are given this important piece of paper which lets you attend to a special ceremony and you swear an oath to be loyal to australia, and for most citizens it’s something to be proud of. The federal government says it should be an honour that’s only given to people who plan and uphold our country’s laws and values. So the last few years ago they announced that it wants to make some changes to australian citizenship. Malcolm Turnbull, says there’s no more important title in our democracy than australian citizenship. The australian citizenship that institution must respect australian values. Back in 2007 the prime minister John Howard said something similar about potential citizens. So Mr Howard introduced a citizenship test, it’s written in english and it’s in multiple choice, including questions on australian history, culture, values like’ what do we remember on Anzac day’. Every 18-60 year olds applying for citizenship has to take that test and they have to be a permanent resident for at least a year. Now the government decided they want to make the test harder. Under new plan people have to be residents for four years before applying for the test. They have to undergo criminal background checks. They have to prove they can speak english fluently and be asked questions. If they agree the with the question like respecting women, equal rights. The number of people that try again and fail is a lot, and if you keep trying and failing you’ll be limited. On the top of that they have to prove trying to fit in with society like working, dropping kids off and joining in clubs. But some people don’t like the change and it’s not fair they have to wait even longer. And the test doesn’t show what they think about values. They reckon the harder language is limited to some people who are learning.

 

Questions- If you come over if you’ve already got family are you still aloud?

When did australian citizenship become a thing?

Who was the first person to take the test and what country did they come from?

 

Understanding- I know understand that it’s hard to get in. It seems confusing and pressuring, you have to learn a new language and take a test to be a citizen, i also found out that you have a ceremony to celebrate. It proves that people are tested on history, culture and behaviour. And it’s been around for a while and it’s hard to meet new people and fit in.

Posted in BTN

BTN challenge: Poo crew

For more information click this website- http://www.abc.net.au/btn/story/s3521276.htm

Key

Green: Facts

Blue: Questions

Red: Understandings

 

 

Facts

It’s something that we all have in common we all poo, it’s part of our everyday life. But no one really knows what happens after you flush the toilet. Until some kids changed that and started studying poo. Don’t worry it may seem gross but it’s science. These guys are looking at the science of water waste treatment, otherwise known as Bolivar waste treatment plant. The population of Adelaide is 1.2 million people producing an average of about 240,000kg of faeces a day and 4.2million litres of urine a day. That sounds like a lot but 99.99 percent of that stuff goes to the plant in water. The smell isn’t that bad as you think, thanks to the chemicals in a tower which takes away a lot of pong. The first thing that gets removed is the paper and plastic, as well as toys. Probably once or twice a week they get a call from a little old lady who says I flushed my teeth down the toilet. When the chunks of the stuff are all out it goes to the tanks, where the thick sludgy stuff stinks to the bottom. After treatment and a few years drying out the sludge will be used by farmers as fertilisers. As for the water or effluent, it’s sent to tanks, where microorganisms, help clean it up by chowing down all the nasty yucky stuff. The process produces methane gas which is used to power the plant. The plant does lots of recycling and we produce fertilizer. We produce heat were also producing electricity off in the power station. We’re cleaning up once we’ve finished, we fairly clean water and we can discharge it into the environment. Once it’s been cleaned up it goes to Bolivar into these big lagoon were the sun helps kill off germs. While we can’t drink it so, some will be used for watering gardens and other water to flush the toilet. There’s a little ring muscle near your bum called the anal sphincter and you squeeze all your poo out and it goes to the water treatment, and that’s where it all starts. You might not know but your body is always creating new POO. This is what some kids found out, we’ve learnt how there are different bubbles react to different bacteria.

 

Questions:

Do you or what type of equipment do you wear?

When the poo goes down are there different sewage line for different suburbs?

 How many poo treatments are there in Australia?

 

Understanding:

I know understand the process in which poo is turned into fertilizer, watering gardens or flushing toilets. I understand where it goes and different developments and how much goes down there and how they deal with the smell. I know how much people produce and which stages it has to go through and all the chemicals that are used. I’ve also found out what muscles are used to poo.

 

 

Posted in BTN

BTN challenge: Cyclone Debbie

http://www.abc.net.au/btn/story/s4645345.htm

KEY

Red-understanding

Green-facts

Blue-questions

It’s a tropical storm, with combined winds,rain,storms and destroys homes, trees, and crops along the north coast of Queensland on Tuesday 23rd of March. Afterwards tens of thousands of people were left without power and homes. Just like Hunter who lives in Cannon Valley. It was a devastating scene he was outside and his whole family rushed inside to the bathroom because the winds were  so strong. Some people had to be evacuated, while others were stocking up on batteries and water and some protecting their homes and businesses by sandboarding them. Another child Ashley she’d woken up it was messy, paper everywhere, trees fallen as well as branches and when sunny sweeping up leaves. She only got water for about 5 days until they had baths in the pool and had a bucket of water tipped over her head as a shower. The support teams were cleaning up the streets and even kids pitched in. Neighbours were all helping and joined together. They all made the best of the situation. Cause the power went out people got people had to get out and share generators. Cyclone Debbie was one of Australia’s most affective cyclones. It caused floods up to 3 metres high.

I now understand that Cyclone Debbie affected a lot of people in North Australia. It caused houses to break and fall as well as shops. It also affected how people communicate with phones and the internet. I know that it was disturbing and damaged a lot of people.

How did cyclone debbie form?

Where did it start?

Who spotted it and how did they spot it?

Did it spread to other place other than Queensland?

Posted in BTN

Adam Hills Interview-Ahn Do BTN

Link to video:https://youtu.be/WhGETRI81DE

Aged to two Ahn Do escaped from Vietnam he was at sea for five days and then reached Australia. There were two pirate attacks were his brother Khoa Do was snatched out of his mother’s hands and threatened to be thrown overboard, they wanted coins, jewellery and money and found money in his dipper. His brother got fifth young Australian of the year for his speeches. A German ship rocked up and brought them aboard but they did it by throwing his dad and axe they were speaking German so they didn’t understand until he found out he had to smash the boat the captain couldn’t save them unless the boat was sinking. The first thing that happened was they were introduced by nums and gave them a huge bag of clothes, half of the clothes were for a little boy and half a little girl. But there mum didn’t care they’d been through starvation and war she won’t chuck the clothes back so she put the girl clothes on his brother and because he looked like a boy in girls clothes she grew his hair longer. The reason they moved because his other uncle fort along Aussie soldiers one of his uncles was a sapper that cleared land for American and Australian soldiers, he was watching TV and saw sapper in Afghanistan this guy doesn’t look nervous looking for minefields.  

 

 What route did they take to Australia?

Was Ahn do scared about his little brother getting thrown off board?

 

I know understand what refugees had to go through and the harsh conditions. They needed to move away from family and friends and needed to understand a new language and culture. I would be so confused it would all seem to confusing.

Posted in BTN

BTN challenge-Federation explained

Key

Green-facts

Red-understanding

Blue-questions

Australia’s one country on a vast area of land. Most Australians speak English. But things could have changed in 1642 Abel Tasman he stumbled across Tasmania if he stuck around we might all be speaking Dutch. What we know call Australia wasn’t this until 1770, Captain James Cook claimed a big chunk of Australia. The British created a colony but in 1880 there were six colonies, and Great Britain was the head of them all. Even though they shared the same continent they were like six different countries. The states had their own defence forces and their own railway systems then you could travel by train between Melbourne and Brisbane. Eventually the colonies wanted to join they thought they’d have a bigger army and defence force. But they were still suspicious of each other. The colonies with the most people Victoria and New South Vales were worried they’d have to invite the smaller states with the most money. The smaller states ones thought the bigger states had too much power and control. The colonies could have tossed it in and become completely different countries. It happened with America it split up into Canada and the U.S.A. In Asia, India had to fight a war before Great Britain let them have independence. There things went much more smoothly each colony decided that each have the same amount of senators, so the smaller colonies wouldn’t be so outnumbered. On July the 9th Australia 1900 Great Britain decided to let the countries go. January the 1st 1901 the federation happened. All the colonies joined together to create one big family the commonwealth of Australia. The Australian Capital Territory and the Northern territory were joined later on. It wasn’t all happy families woman couldn’t vote till 1902 and most aboriginal couldn’t vote federally until 1962. They weren’t officially counted in Australia’s population until 1972. States and Territories (Queensland, Victoria, NSW, Western Australia, South Australia, Northern Australia and Tasmania).

I know understand the relationships between the colonies and the laws and people that were part of the country and what happened to them.

Why did they name NT and ACT a territory? Who created the names of the states where they named after people or things? What made the British let Australia free?

http://splash.abc.net.au/home#!/media/1961881/federation-explained

Posted in BTN