BTN challenge-Federation explained

Key

Green-facts

Red-understanding

Blue-questions

Australia’s one country on a vast area of land. Most Australians speak English. But things could have changed in 1642 Abel Tasman he stumbled across Tasmania if he stuck around we might all be speaking Dutch. What we know call Australia wasn’t this until 1770, Captain James Cook claimed a big chunk of Australia. The British created a colony but in 1880 there were six colonies, and Great Britain was the head of them all. Even though they shared the same continent they were like six different countries. The states had their own defence forces and their own railway systems then you could travel by train between Melbourne and Brisbane. Eventually the colonies wanted to join they thought they’d have a bigger army and defence force. But they were still suspicious of each other. The colonies with the most people Victoria and New South Vales were worried they’d have to invite the smaller states with the most money. The smaller states ones thought the bigger states had too much power and control. The colonies could have tossed it in and become completely different countries. It happened with America it split up into Canada and the U.S.A. In Asia, India had to fight a war before Great Britain let them have independence. There things went much more smoothly each colony decided that each have the same amount of senators, so the smaller colonies wouldn’t be so outnumbered. On July the 9th Australia 1900 Great Britain decided to let the countries go. January the 1st 1901 the federation happened. All the colonies joined together to create one big family the commonwealth of Australia. The Australian Capital Territory and the Northern territory were joined later on. It wasn’t all happy families woman couldn’t vote till 1902 and most aboriginal couldn’t vote federally until 1962. They weren’t officially counted in Australia’s population until 1972. States and Territories (Queensland, Victoria, NSW, Western Australia, South Australia, Northern Australia and Tasmania).

I know understand the relationships between the colonies and the laws and people that were part of the country and what happened to them.

Why did they name NT and ACT a territory? Who created the names of the states where they named after people or things? What made the British let Australia free?

http://splash.abc.net.au/home#!/media/1961881/federation-explained

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